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Learning by being told and learning from examples: an experimental comparison of the two methodes of knowledge acquisition in the context of developing an expert system for soybean desease diagnoiss",
International Journal of Policy Analysis and Information Systems, 1980, 4(2), 125-161.
Doug Fisher (dfisher%vuse '@' uunet.uucp)
Data Set Information:
A small subset of the original soybean database. See the reference for Fisher and Schlimmer in soybean-large.names for more information.
Steven Souders wrote:
> Figure 15 in the Michalski and Stepp paper (PAMI-82) says that the
> discriminant values for the attribute CONDITION OF FRUIT PODS for the
> classes Rhizoctonia Root Rot and Phytophthora Rot are "few or none"
> and "irrelevant" respectively. However, in the SOYBEAN-SMALL dataset
> I got from UCI, the value for this attribute is "dna" (does not apply)
> for both classes. I show the actual data below for cases D3
> (Rhizoctonia Root Rot) and D4 (Phytophthora Rot). According to the
> attribute names given in soybean-large.names, FRUIT-PODS is attribute
> #28. If you look at column 28 in the data below (marked with arrows)
> you'll notice that all cases of D3 and D4 have the same value. Thus,
> the SOYBEAN-SMALL dataset from UCI could NOT have produced the results
> in the Michalski and Stepp paper.
I do not have that paper, but have found what is probably a later variation of that figure in Stepp's dissertation, which lists the value "normal" for the first 2 classes and "irrelevant" for the latter 2 classes. I believe that "irrelevant" is used here as a synonym for "not-applicable", "dna", and "does-not-apply". I believe that there is a mis-print in the figure he read in their PAMI-83 article.
I have checked over each attribute value in this database. It corresponds exactly with the copies listed in both Stepp's and Fisher's dissertations.
1. date: april,may,june,july,august,september,october,?.
2. plant-stand: normal,lt-normal,?.
3. precip: lt-norm,norm,gt-norm,?.
4. temp: lt-norm,norm,gt-norm,?.
5. hail: yes,no,?.
6. crop-hist: diff-lst-year,same-lst-yr,same-lst-two-yrs,
7. area-damaged: scattered,low-areas,upper-areas,whole-field,?.
8. severity: minor,pot-severe,severe,?.
9. seed-tmt: none,fungicide,other,?.
10. germination: 90-100%,80-89%,lt-80%,?.
11. plant-growth: norm,abnorm,?.
12. leaves: norm,abnorm.
13. leafspots-halo: absent,yellow-halos,no-yellow-halos,?.
14. leafspots-marg: w-s-marg,no-w-s-marg,dna,?.
15. leafspot-size: lt-1/8,gt-1/8,dna,?.
16. leaf-shread: absent,present,?.
17. leaf-malf: absent,present,?.
18. leaf-mild: absent,upper-surf,lower-surf,?.
19. stem: norm,abnorm,?.
20. lodging: yes,no,?.
21. stem-cankers: absent,below-soil,above-soil,above-sec-nde,?.
22. canker-lesion: dna,brown,dk-brown-blk,tan,?.
23. fruiting-bodies: absent,present,?.
24. external decay: absent,firm-and-dry,watery,?.
25. mycelium: absent,present,?.
26. int-discolor: none,brown,black,?.
27. sclerotia: absent,present,?.
28. fruit-pods: norm,diseased,few-present,dna,?.
29. fruit spots: absent,colored,brown-w/blk-specks,distort,dna,?.
30. seed: norm,abnorm,?.
31. mold-growth: absent,present,?.
32. seed-discolor: absent,present,?.
33. seed-size: norm,lt-norm,?.
34. shriveling: absent,present,?.
35. roots: norm,rotted,galls-cysts,?.
Tan, M., & Eshelman, L. (1988). Using weighted networks to represent classification knowledge in noisy domains. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Machine Learning (pp. 121-134). Ann Arbor, Michigan: Morgan Kaufmann.
Fisher,D.H. & Schlimmer,J.C. (1988). Concept Simplification and Predictive Accuracy. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Machine Learning (pp. 22-28). Ann Arbor, Michigan: Morgan Kaufmann.
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Kamal Ali and Michael J. Pazzani. Error Reduction through Learning Multiple Descriptions. Machine Learning, 24. 1996. [View Context].
Christophe Giraud and Tony Martinez and Christophe G. Giraud-Carrier. University of Bristol Department of Computer Science ILA: Combining Inductive Learning with Prior Knowledge and Reasoning. 1995. [View Context].
Jitender S. Deogun and Vijay V. Raghavan and Hayri Sever. Exploiting Upper Approximation in the Rough Set Methodology. KDD. 1995. [View Context].
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