Donated on 2/28/2008

GISETTE is a handwritten digit recognition problem. The problem is to separate the highly confusible digits '4' and '9'. This dataset is one of five datasets of the NIPS 2003 feature selection challenge.

Dataset Characteristics


Subject Area

Computer Science

Associated Tasks


Feature Type


# Instances


# Features


Dataset Information

Additional Information

The digits have been size-normalized and centered in a fixed-size image of dimension 28x28. The original data were modified for the purpose of the feature selection challenge. In particular, pixels were samples at random in the middle top part of the feature containing the information necessary to disambiguate 4 from 9 and higher order features were created as products of these pixels to plunge the problem in a higher dimensional feature space. We also added a number of distractor features called 'probes' having no predictive power. The order of the features and patterns were randomized. GISETTE -- Positive ex. -- Negative ex. -- Total Training set -- 3000 -- 3000 -- 6000 Validation set -- 500 -- 500 -- 1000 Test set -- 3250 -- 3250 -- 6500 All -- 6750 -- 6750 -- 13500 Number of variables/features/attributes: Real: 2500 Probes: 2500 Total: 5000 This dataset is one of five datasets used in the NIPS 2003 feature selection challenge. Our website is still open for post-challenge submissions. Information about other related challenges are found at: The CLOP package includes sample code to process these data: All details about the preparation of the data are found in our technical report: Design of experiments for the NIPS 2003 variable selection benchmark, Isabelle Guyon, July 2003, (also included in the dataset archive). Such information was made available only after the end of the challenge. The data are split into training, validation, and test set. Target values are provided only for the 2 first sets. Test set performance results are obtained by submitting prediction results to: The data are in the following format: dataname.param: Parameters and statistics about the data dataname.feat: Identities of the features (withheld, to avoid biasing feature selection). Training set (a coma delimited regular matrix, patterns in lines, features in columns). Validation set. Test set. dataname_train.labels: Labels (truth values of the classes) for training examples. dataname_valid.labels: Validation set labels (withheld during the benchmark, but provided now). dataname_test.labels: Test set labels (withheld, so the data can still be use as a benchmark).

Has Missing Values?


Variable Information

We do not provide attribute information to avoid biasing the feature selection process.

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Isabelle Guyon

Steve Gunn

Asa Ben-Hur

Gideon Dror


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