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Activity Recognition system based on Multisensor data fusion (AReM) Data Set
Download: Data Folder, Data Set Description

Abstract: This dataset contains temporal data from a Wireless Sensor Network worn by an actor performing the activities: bending, cycling, lying down, sitting, standing, walking.

Data Set Characteristics:  

Multivariate, Sequential, Time-Series

Number of Instances:

42240

Area:

Computer

Attribute Characteristics:

Real

Number of Attributes:

6

Date Donated

2016-05-18

Associated Tasks:

Classification

Missing Values?

N/A

Number of Web Hits:

16411


Source:

Filippo Palumbo (a,b), Claudio Gallicchio (b), Rita Pucci (b) and Alessio Micheli (b)

(a) Institute of Information Science and Technologies “Alessandro Faedo”, National Research Council, Pisa, Italy
(b) Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy


Data Set Information:

This dataset represents a real-life benchmark in the area of Activity Recognition applications, as described in [1].

The classification tasks consist in predicting the activity performed by the user from time-series generated by a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), according to the EvAAL competition technical annex ([Web Link]).

In our activity recognition system we use information coming the implicit alteration of the wireless channel due to the movements of the user. The devices measure the RSS of the beacon packets they exchange among themselves in the WSN [2].

We collect RSS data using IRIS nodes embedding a Chipcon AT86RF230 radio subsystem that implements the IEEE 802.15.4 standard and programmed with a TinyOS firmware. They are placed on the user’s chest and ankles. For the purpose of communications, the beacon packets are exchanged by using a simple virtual token protocol that completes its execution in a time slot of 50 milliseconds. A modified version of the Spin ([Web Link]) token-passing protocol is used to schedule node transmission, in order to prevent packet collisions and maintain high data collection rate. When an anchor is transmitting, all other anchors receive the packet and perform the RSS measurements. The payload of the transmitting packet is the set of RSS values between the transmitting node and the other sensors sampled during the previous cycle.

From the raw data we extract time-domain features to compress the time series and slightly remove noise and correlations.

We choose an epoch time of 250 milliseconds according to the EVAAL technical annex. In such a time slot we elaborate 5 samples of RSS (sampled at 20 Hz) for each of the three couples of WSN nodes (i.e. Chest-Right Ankle, Chest-Left Ankle, Right Ankle-Left Ankle). The features include the mean value and standard deviation for each reciprocal RSS reading from worn WSN sensors.

For each activity 15 temporal sequences of input RSS data are present. The dataset contains 480 sequences, for a total number of 42240 instances.

We also consider two kind of bending activity, illustrated in the figure provided (bendingTupe.pdf). The positions of sensor nodes with the related identifiers are shown in figure sensorsPlacement.pdf.


Attribute Information:

For each sequence, data is provided in comma separated value (csv) format.

- Input data:
Input RSS streams are provided in files named datasetID.csv, where ID is the progressive numeric sequence ID for each repetition of the activity performed.
In each file, each row corresponds to a time step measurement (in temporal order) and contains the following information:
avg_rss12, var_rss12, avg_rss13, var_rss13, avg_rss23, var_rss23
where avg and var are the mean and variance values over 250 ms of data, respectively.

- Target data:
Target data is provided as the containing folder name.

For each activity, we have the following parameters:
# Frequency (Hz): 20
# Clock (millisecond): 250
# Total duration (seconds): 120


Relevant Papers:

[1] F. Palumbo, C. Gallicchio, R. Pucci and A. Micheli, Human activity recognition using multisensor data fusion based on Reservoir Computing, Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, 2016, 8 (2), pp. 87-107.
[2] F. Palumbo, P. Barsocchi, C. Gallicchio, S. Chessa and A. Micheli, Multisensor data fusion for activity recognition based on reservoir computing, in: Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking, Communications in Computer and Information Science, Vol. 386, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp. 24–35.



Citation Request:

F. Palumbo, C. Gallicchio, R. Pucci and A. Micheli, Human activity recognition using multisensor data fusion based on Reservoir Computing, Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments, 2016, 8 (2), pp. 87-107.


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